Java 2 SDK and Runtime Environment File Structure

SDK Tools

This document gives an overview of the Java 2 SDK, Standard Edition, directories and the files they contain. This page may also be used as a reference for the file structure of the Java 2 Runtime Environment. To see the file structure of the Runtime Environment, just look at the description of the contents of the SDK's jre directory on this page. The file structure of the Java 2 Runtime Environment is identical to that of the SDK's jre directory.

Development Files and Directories

This section describes the files and directories that are required to develop apps for the Java platform. (The directories that are not required include demos, source code, and C header files. They are discussed in the following section, Additional Files and Directories.) The following chart shows the most important directories:

           |           |                    |
          bin         lib                  jre
           |           |          __________|_____________________
       java.exe    tools.jar     |                                |        
       javac.exe   dt.jar       bin                              lib                
       javap.exe            _____|____ __________         ________|_______ ________         
       javah.exe           |          |          |       |        |       |        |
       javadoc.exe     java.exe    classic    hotspot  rt.jar    ext  security  applet
                       java.dll       |          |     i18n.jar                     
                       awt.dll     jvm.dll    jvm.dll              

Assuming the SDK software is installed at c:\jdk1.3, here are some of the most important directories:

The root directory of the SDK software installation. Contains copyright, license, and README files. Also contains src.jar, the archive of source code for the Java 2 platform.
The executable files for the development tools contained in the Java Development Kit. The PATH environment variable should contain an entry for this directory. For more information on the tools, see the SDK Tools.

Files used by the development tools. These include tools.jar, which contains non-core classes for support of the tools and utilities in the SDK. Also includes dt.jar, the DesignTime archive of BeanInfo files that tell interactive development environments (IDE's) how to display the Java components and how to let the developer customize them for the application.

The root directory of the Java runtime environment used by the SDK development tools. The runtime environment is an implementation of the Java 2 platform. This is the directory represented by the java.home system property.

Executable files and DLLs for tools and libraries used by the Java platform. The executable files are identical to files in /jdk1.3/bin. The java launcher tool serves as an application launcher, in place of the old jre tool that shipped with 1.1 versions of the SDK software. This directory does not need to be in the PATH environment variable.

Contains the DLL files used by the Java 2 Classic Virtual Machine. These files are present only in the Java 2 SDK. They are not included with the Java 2 Runtime Environment.

Contains the DLL files used by the Java HotSpotTM Client Virtual Machine, which is implemented with Java HotSpot technology.

Code libraries, property settings, and resource files used by the Java runtime environment. Includes:
Aside from the ext subdirectory (described below) there are several additional resource subdirectories not described here.

Default installation directory for Extensions to the Java platform. This is where the JavaHelp jar file goes when it is installed, for example.
Contains files used for security management. These include the security policy (java.policy) and security properties ( files.

Jar files containing support classes for applets can be placed in the lib/applet/ directory. This reduces startup time for large applets by allowing applet classes to be pre-loaded from the local file system by the applet class loader, providing the same protections as if they had been downloaded over the net.

Additional Files and Directories

This section describes the directory structure for the demos, Java source code, and C header files. Here is the directory structure:

                     ___________|__________ __________
                    |           |          |          |
                  demo      include  include-old   src.jar
                 ___|___ _________ __________
                |       |         |          |
              applets  jfc       jpda      sound

The additional directories shown above are:

Archive containing source code for the Java 2 platform.

Examples, with source code, that show you how to program for the Java platform.

Applets that can be used on a Web page.

Examples that use Java 2DTM and JFC\Swing functionality.

Examples of using the Java Platform Debugging Architecture. Includes source code for the javadt and jdb utilities.

Contains Java Sound demos with source code.

C-language header files that support native-code programming using the Java Native Interface and the Java Virtual Machine Debugger Interface.

Header files that support native-code programming using older interfaces. These header files are provided only for backward-compatibility. These interfaces are deprecated, unsupported and not available on all Java virtual machines.