idlj - The IDL-to-Java Compiler

idlj generates Java bindings from a given IDL file.


idlj [ options ] idl-file

Options may appear in any order, but must precede the idl-file.


The IDL-to-Java Compiler generates the Java bindings for a given IDL file.  For binding details, see the IDL to Java document at the OMG website.

Emitting Client and Server Bindings

To generate Java bindings for an IDL file named My.idl: This generates the client-side bindings and is equivalent to: The client-side bindings do not include the server-side skeleton. If you want to generate the server-side bindings for the interfaces: Server-side bindings include the client-side bindings plus the skeleton, all of which are ImplBase (that is, Inheritance model) classes. If you want to generate both client side and server side bindings, use one of the following (equivalent) commands: The default server-side model is the inheritance model. Given an interface My defined in My.idl, the file is generated. You must provide the implementation for My and it must inherit from _MyImplBase.

There is another server-side model called the Tie Model. This is a delegation model. The following commands generate the bindings for the Tie Model:

For the interface My, this will generate The constructor to My_Tie takes a My. You must provide the implementation for My, but it does not have to inherit from any other class, only the interface My. But to use it with the ORB, you must wrap your implementation within My_Tie. For instance: You might want to use the Tie model instead of the typical Inheritance model if your implementation must inherit from some other implementation. Java allows any number of interface inheritance, but there is only one slot for class inheritance. If you use the inheritance model, that slot is used up . By using the Tie Model, that slot is freed up for your own use. The drawback is that it introduces a level of indirection: one extra method call occurs when invoking a method.

Specifying Alternate Locations for Emitted Files

If you want to direct the emitted files to a directory other than the current directory, invoke the compiler as:
idlj -td /altdir My.idl
For the interface My, the bindings will be emitted to /altdir/, etc., instead of ./

Specifying Alternate Locations for Include Files

If My.idl included another idl file, MyOther.idl, the compiler assumes that MyOther.idl resides in the local directory. If it resides in /includes, for example, then you would invoke the compiler with the following command: If My.idl also included Another.idl that resided in /moreIncludes, for example, then you would invoke the compiler with the following command: Since this form of include can become irritatingly long, another means of indicating to the compiler where to search for included files is provided. This technique is similar to the idea of an environment variable. Create a file named idl.config in a directory that is listed in your CLASSPATH. Inside of idl.config, provide a line with the following form: The compiler will find this file and read in the includes list. Note that in this example the separator character between the two directories is a semicolon (;). This separator character is platform dependent. On NT it is a semicolon, on AIX it is a colon, etc.

Emitting Bindings for Include Files

By default, only those interfaces, structs, etc, that are defined in the idl file on the command line have Java bindings generated for them. The types defined in included files are not generated. For example, assume the following two idl files: The following command will only generate the java bindings for My: To generate all of the types in My.idl and all of the types in the files that My.idl includes (in this example, MyOther.idl), use the following command: There is a caveat to the default rule. #include statements which appear at global scope are treated as described. These #include statements can be thought of as import statements. #include statements which appear within some enclosing scope are treated as true #include statements, meaning that the code within the included file is treated as if it appeared in the original file and, therefore, Java bindings are emitted for it. Here is an example: Running the following command: will generate the following list of Java files: Notice that was not generated because it is defined in an import-like #include. But was generated because it was defined in a true #include. Also notice that since Embedded.idl was included within the scope of the interface My, it appears within the scope of My (that is,in MyPackage).

If the -emitAll flag had been used in the previous example, then all types in all included files would be emitted.

Inserting Package Prefixes

Suppose that you work for a company named ABC that has constructed the following IDL file: Running this file through the IDL-to-Java compiler will place the Java bindings for W1 and W2 within the package Widgets. But there is an industry convention that states that a company's packages should reside within a package named com.<company name>. The Widgets package is not good enough. To follow convention, it should be To place this package prefix onto the Widgets module, execute the following: If you have an IDL file which includes Widgets.idl, the -pkgPrefix flag must appear in that command also. If it does not, then your IDL file will be looking for a Widgets package rather than a package.

If you have a number of these packages that require prefixes, it might be easier to place them into the idl.config file described above. Each package prefix line should be of the form:

So the line for the above example would be:

Defining Symbols Before Compilation

You may need to define a symbol for compilation that is not defined within the IDL file, perhaps to include debugging code in the bindings. The command is the equivalent of putting the line #define MYDEF inside My.idl.

Preserving Pre-Existing Bindings

If the Java binding files already exist, the -keep flag will keep the compiler from overwriting them. The default is to generate all files without considering if they already exist. If you've customized those files (which you should not do unless you are very comfortable with their contents), then the -keep option is very useful. The command emit all client-side bindings that do not already exist.

Viewing Progres of Compilation

The Idl-to-Java compiler will generate status messages as it progresses through its phases of execution. Use the -v option to activate this "verbose" mode: By default the compiler does not operate in verbose mode.

Displaying Version Information

To display the build version of the IDL-to-Java compiler, specify the -version option on the command-line:

idlj -version

Version information also appears within the bindings generated by the compiler. Any additional options appearing on the command-line are ignored.


-d symbol
This is equivalent to the following line in an IDL file:
#define symbol

Emit all types, including those found in #include files.

Defines what bindings to emit. side is one of client, server, serverTIE, all, or allTIE. Assumes -fclient if the flag is not specified.

-i include-path
By default, the current directory is scanned for included files. This option adds another directory.

If a file to be generated already exists, do not overwrite it. By default it is overwritten.

-pkgPrefix type prefix
Wherever type is encountered at file scope, prefix the computed Java package name with prefix for all files generated for that type. type is the simple name of either a top-level module, or an IDL type defined outside of any module.

-td dir
Use dir for the output directory instead of the current directory.

-nowarn, -verbose
Verbose mode.

Display version information and terminate.

Pass option to the Java virtual machine, where option is one of the options described on the reference page for the java application launcher. For example, -J-Xms48m sets the startup memory to 48 megabytes.
See the Description section for more option information.


Known Problems: